January 8, 2017
For our first “5 Questions with CJSM” of 2017, we have a special guest: Dr. Gianmichel Corrado, of Boston Children’s Hospital and Northeastern University.
Dr. Gian Corrado is a doubly special guest for me: he is the lead author of a ‘published-ahead-of-print’ CJSM study and is someone who trained me in sports medicine at Boston Children’s Hospital.
I have fond memories of working alongside him, the head team physician for Northeastern University in Boston, as we cared for hockey and football athletes. And I remember the work he was just beginning to do in his now-blossoming area of research.
The new study reports the findings of a novel ‘take’ on a controversial aspect of sports medicine: how might we screen for underlying disorders that predispose our athletes to sudden cardiac death (SCD)?
By the way, don’t let Dr. Gian Corrado’s name fool you — this is not that Dr. Corrado, (Domenico Corrado), who also has published on screening for SCD; but both Drs. Corrado share a similar concern: the primary prevention of this catastrophic event.
Dr. Gian Corrado’s approach is to use ‘screening echocardiography in front-line providers,’ and his findings can be found here: ‘Early Screening for Cardiovascular Abnormalities with Pre-Participation Echocardiography: Feasibility Study.’
Dr. Corrado has this to say about his important work:
1. CJSM: What was the principal outcome measure you were looking at in this study? What were the secondary outcome measures?
GC: Central in the debate as to how to best identify athletes at risk for sudden death (SD) is cost-effectiveness. The American Heart Association continues to recommend a history and physical (H&P) as the sole method for screening young athletes for the cardiac conditions that can cause SD. The H&P has been shown to be a poor test to apply to the above dilemma as it misses athletes whom have potentially deadly cardiac conditions and falsely identifies those that do not. Many feel that, given this reality, an electrocardiogram (ECG) screening program should be implemented. This approach has been shown to have significant limitations as it too yields high false positive rates. The Northeastern Group has suggested and demonstrated that with advances in portable ultrasound frontline providers (FLP) can obtain limited echocardiographic images pertinent to the structural conditions that dominate in culpability with SD. Read more of this post