Treatments for Achilles Tendinopathy — CJSM Blog Post Journal Club

We’re celebrating our 30th Anniversary!!! Take a look what’s beneath the new, sleek cover.

We are celebrating our 30th year of publication in 2020 and we could not be happier to ring this new year in than with the publication of our January 2020 issue, full of the sorts of offerings that make CJSM a special part of the sports medicine universe. From original research to systematic reviews to case reports, we have several new offerings that help clinicians bring the latest in evidence-based medicine to their patients on the pitch, in the training rooms, and in the clinics.

One of those studies reports research results reported by authors practicing in the UK and deals with a very common problem among athletes: Novel Inerventions for Recalcitrant Achilles Tendinopathy.

Dr. Zaremski & assistant take a break from their writing.

This prospective cohort study is the focus of our first blog post journal club of the year, with CJSM Associate Editor Jason Zaremski M.D. guiding us through the ins and outs of the study.  Take it away Dr. Zaremski!

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Introduction:  As we begin a new decade and say goodbye to 2019, the winter CJSM journal club will be focusing on an issue that is extremely common in all individuals, chronic Achilles tendon injury. As many individuals make New Year’s resolutions to exercise more and live healthier lifestyles, we as sports medicine and musculoskeletal experts must be prepared for an increase in overuse injuries such as tendinopathies.  These conditions can be difficult to treat, and new, novel approaches to these common conditions are always of interest. A new study by Wheeler and Tattersall is a timely publication to review in this new year: Novel Interventions for Recalcitrant Achilles Tendinopathy. Benefits Seen Following High-Volume Image-Guided Injection or Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy—A Prospective Cohort Study.

Purpose: The authors of this study set out to compare the outcomes for patients with chronic non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy (CNIAT) following extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) versus high-volume image-guided injection (HVIGI). The results may provide practitioners greater information for patients and to improve patient care. Read more of this post

CJSM Blog Journal Club — Brain Changes After a Single Season in Youth vs. High School Football

Attending to injured player, High School Football

The November 2019 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine has just published, and as always the new edition is full of interesting and original research.

One of the studies that already is getting some buzz is one by a team of researchers (full disclosure: including myself) headed by Dr. Kim Barber-Foss entitled Relative Head Impact Exposure and Brain White Matter Alterations After a Single Season of Competitive Football: A Pilot Comparison of Youth Versus High School Football.

This is a perfect study for a journal club, as the subject of cumulative exposure to head impacts, most especially in our youngest athletes, has been a hot, hot topic in sports medicine for several years. The sport in question here is American gridiron football.

Our intrepid Blog Journal Club author and Junior Associate Editor Jason Zaremski MD leads the charge, as ever, in his most recent post.  Thanks Dr. Zaremski for your insightful analysis of this new research.

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Title: Barber Foss KD, et al. Relative Head Impact Exposure and Brain White Matter Alterations After a Single Season of Competitive Football: A Pilot Comparison of Youth Versus High School Football. Clin J Sport Med 2019;29:442–450.

Jr. Assoc. Editor and Blog Journal Club author Dr. Jason Zaremski (L) and CJSM Editor-in-Chief Dr. Chris Hughes (R)

Introduction:  The pre-holiday CJSM journal club brings you an innovative new study from expert researchers related to potential white matter changes in the brain in adolescent football players. As has been discussed in the CJSM journal club as well as throughout the media, there are many consequences to sustaining a sport related concussion (SRC). One question yet to be answered, with advances in neuroimaging techniques, can structural alterations of the brain be observed using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)? According to the authors, DTI can evaluate microscale white matter (WM) changes. This is potentially important as WM changes may be detected even without clinical signs of a SRC. More specifically, the measurable metrics include fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD), axial diffusivity (AD), and mean diffusivity (MD). According to prior research, RD, AD, and MD are sensitive to detect WM changes in athletes participating in contact sports. Hence, we present “Relative Head Impact Exposure and Brain White Matter Alterations After a Single Season of Competitive Football: A Pilot Comparison of Youth Versus High School Football.”

Purpose: To determine preseason to postseason changes in WM integrity from repetitive head impacts for youth football (YFB) players compared with HS football players during a competitive football season.

Hypothesis(es): The magnitude of WM changes would be greater for YFB than for HS football players.

Methods/Design:  Prospective study with IRB approval and consent and assent obtained. Read more of this post

Prescribed Exercise for Managing Concussions — the CJSM Blog Journal Club

Our Editor-in-Chief Chris Hughes (R) and Jr. Assoc. Editor Jason Zaremski (L) taking a brief spell from their busy lives.

Our fifth edition of the year went live at the beginning of September, and it’s a special one:  we have devoted the entire issue to the theme of pediatric athletes.

Our guest editor Alison Brooks M.D., M.P.H. has assembled an impressive line up of authors, including John Leddy M.D. of SUNY Buffalo who is the lead on an interesting new study demonstrating the benefits of prescribed aerobic exercise in the recovery of adolescent males from sport-related concussion.

Our Jr. Assoc. Editor Jason Zaremski M.D. has submitted another insightful journal club piece looking at the details of Dr. Leddy’s study.

As fall approaches in the Northern Hemisphere, and spring in the Southern, sports-related concussions will continue to show up in a variety of sports our young athletes play.  This work from Dr. Leddy et al. (including both this new study and his CJSM 2018 study) will be transformative in the way we manage our athletes.

Enjoy the original research paper itself (here) and the journal club article (below).

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Jason Zaremski M.D., Junior Associate Editor CJSM

Title:

Leddy JJ, et al. A Preliminary Study of the Effect of Early Aerobic Exercise Treatment for Sport-Related Concussion in Males. Clin J Sport Med 2019 29(5):353-360.

Introduction:  

As the temperature begins to change and we enter the fall season, millions of student-athletes have returned to school and sport. With such large participation numbers in sport inevitably comes a rise in injury. One of these injuries is sports related concussions (SRC). In recent years, our overall knowledge of how to diagnose, manage, and treat SRC has improved thanks to the ever-growing research in this area. However, one aspect that is continuing to evolve is the timing and intensity of physical activity after sustaining a SRC. While rest (cognitive and physical) has been a mainstay of treatment in the past, there is a growing body of research that indicates physical activity may accelerate recovery versus physical rest only. Thus, it is our pleasure to provide this month’s CJSM Journal Club by reviewing Leddy and colleagues’ new work on the effects of early aerobic exercise as a potential treatment for SRC in adolescent males.

Purpose/Hypothesis(es):

The primary purposes of this research is to compare early subthreshold aerobic exercise (STAE) versus prescribed rest and days to recovery from concussion for adolescent males. The authors hypothesized that STAE would reduce the days to recovery after treatment prescription. Read more of this post

It’s a New Year — CSJM Blog Journal Club 2019 Starts Now

Japan (and its iconic Mt. Fuji) will be one of the places on the globe that will be enjoying an exciting 2019 in the world of sport.

We here at CJSM hope all of our readers have enjoyed a festive and relaxing holiday season.  I am sure for most of us reading this post, ‘things’ have picked back up, because the global sports world never sleeps.  From Australian Open tennis to the NFL playoffs to the English Premiership, and beyond, the sports (and sports medicine) scenes have been ushered in with a bang.

2019 promises to be an exciting year in sports all over, but perhaps in no place quite like Japan, as it hosts the Rugby World Cup at year’s end and busily prepares for the 2020 Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo.  I just spent my holidays there and fell in love with the country.  I am looking forward to posting more about the upcoming global events Japan is hosting this year and next.

CJSM has entered the new year with a bang as well, as we begin our 29th year with an issue that is full of interesting offerings.

Among the pieces of original research we have just published in this January 2019 issue is this one: Head Impact Exposure in Youth Soccer and Variation by Age and Sex. This piece has already received a good deal of attention. The accompanying editorial arguing (relatively speaking) against a ban on heading in youth soccer has realized a comparable buzz.

Jason Zaremski MD, Junior Associate Editor CJSM

We thought this would be a particularly good study to ‘de-construct’ in the Journal Club, and so we contacted our regular correspondent Jason Zaremski MD to pen one of his ever popular, recurring posts.  Thanks Dr. Zaremski, as always.

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Title:

Chrisman SPD, Ebel BE, Stein E, Sarah J. Lowry SJ, Rivara FP. Head Impact Exposure in Youth Soccer and Variation by Age and Sex. Clin J Sport Med 2019;29:3–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000497

Introduction:  

The newest edition of the Journal Club commentary for the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine (CJSM) will be a review of an original research manuscript highlighting a very interesting topic, heading in “soccer” (referred to as “football” outside the United States) and its effects on our youth athletes. As the authors note, there are more than ¼ of a billion soccer players worldwide. In the USA, there are approximately 24 million soccer players and more than 37% are youth players. In the past few years there have been growing concerns about heading in youth soccer and possible associations with concussions and sub-concussive head impact exposures (HIE). Due to these concerns, individuals and some leagues (from local levels to national) have suggested a ban of heading to limit body contact and potential HIE. However, prior research has suggested that the actual number of youth players heading a soccer ball as well as intentional impacts with head to ball are low and heading restrictions may not be indicated. (Comstock et al JAMA Ped 2015, Lynall et al MSSE 2016, Press and Rowson CJSM 2016). Therefore, in order to obtain more objective data, the authors of this study wanted to objectively measure HIE in males and females at the youth level.

Purpose/Specific Aim(s):

The purpose of this study was to measure HIE using adhesive-mounted accelerometers during 1 month of soccer. Read more of this post

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